Sometimes, bone or soft tissue at a missing tooth site is not adequate for placement of a dental implant. This can many times be corrected at the time of placement of the implant, or as a separate procedure.
Common procedures would include:
- Bone Grafting – If there has been bone loss, or resorbtion, at a proposed implant site, a bone graft is often needed. Bone can be obtained from the implant site or from another surgical site (Autologous Graft). It can also be obtained from other sources (such as freeze dried human bone from a bone bank). Dr. Pitts will discuss various options with you when planning your surgery.
- Sinus Lifts – In the upper jaw, or maxilla, it is sometimes necessary to place additional bone for success of an implant. The most common procedure is a sinus lift, which raises the floor of the sinuses to allow for placement of additional bone. This also prevents perforation of the sinus cavity, which could lead to the loss of the implant. A sinus lift procedure can be a very simple procedure procedure referred to as a “mini lift” that can be performed easily at the time of placement of the implant. Sometimes, however, a more complicated surgical procedure that involves placement of a larger bone graft in the sinus is necessary to elevate the sinus floor for adequate bony support of the implant.
- Soft Tissue Grafting or Surgery – Occasionally soft tissue, or gum tissue, at an implant site may be inadequate or overgrown. Many times soft tissue can be reduced at the time of surgery, or if needed a gingival graft can be performed to repair soft tissue defects.